Let's continue with this final lesson regarding closed syllables with short vowel sounds.
In this lesson we see how the letter 'r' affects the pronunciation of vowels. The pronunciation of syllables with the letter 'r' will be as such: 'ar' as in 'car,' 'er' as in 'her,' 'ir' as in 'bird,' 'or' as in 'for-give,' and 'ur' as in 'church.' Notice that 'er,' 'ir,' and 'ur' all have the same pronunciation. The syllables without 'r' will be pronounced with a normal short vowel sound. Please read down each column out loud.
(* Reminder: because we are practicing pronunciation of syllables, and not words, please pronounce 'is' with a soft, voiceless /s/ sound, unlike the word 'is' which is pronounced with a /z/ sound. Help learners slowly and clearly enunciate the more difficult sounds of 'r,' 'v,' 'x,' and 'z.' You may need to exaggerate the sounds, and open your mouth more for the learner to clearly see mouth, tongue, and teeth positions. For 2nd language learners, avoid adding unnecessary syllables after the letter 'x,' e.g. For the syllable 'ax,' avoid saying /ah-kuh-sss/.)