Lesson 5


Phonics- Introduction to Letter Sounds

Written English uses the Latin symbols/letters to represent the different sounds of our spoken language. In this first Phonics lesson we will learn the more simple letter and letter combinations and the sounds they make.  Click below to hear the most common sounds of the following English letters.  

Simple Phonics

a

/a/, /A/, /ah/
(cat, a-ble, fa-ther)

b

/b/
(bat)

c

/k/, /s/
(cat, cent)

d

/d/
(dog)

e

/e/, /E/
(let, be)

f

/f/
(fan)

g

/g/, /j/
(go, gym)

h

/h/
(hat)

i

/i/, /I/
(sit, i-vy)

j

/j/
(jam)

k

/k/
(kite)

l

/l/
(lap)

m

/m/
(man)

n

/n/
(nap)

o

/ah/, /O/, /OO/
(on, go, do)

p

/p/
(pan)

q

/kw/ 'q' needs a 'u'
(queen)

r

/r/
(run)

s

/s/, /z/
(sat, has)

t

/t/
(top)

u

/u/, /U/, /oo/
(sun, u-nit, put)

v

/v/
(van)

w

/w/
(wet)

x

/x/, /z/
(box, xylophone)

y

/y/, /E/, /I/
(yes, baby, cry)

z

/z/
(zoo)

Common Two-Letter Phonograms

ch

/ch/, /k/, /sh/
(chin, Christ, chef)

sh

/sh/
(ship)

th

/th/ /TH/
(think, that)

ph

/f/
(phone)

ng

/ng/
(sing)

Phonics- Introduction to Letter Sounds